Teakeak, Tectona Grandis, is a closed grained hardwood with a high natural oil content. This makes it hard wearing, highly resistant to rotting and almost impervious to the effects of sun, rain, frost or snow. These characteristics combine to make it the ideal timber for all outdoor applications. Many other hardwoods are used for outdoor furniture and some are even marketed as ‘teak substitutes’. However, there is no substitute for teak and no other hardwood will perform to the same standard as teak in outdoor conditions.
Teak wood is one of the finest hardwoods available. Because it is only available in a small part of the world and the age of the tree has to be so great to produce ideal wood, it has become a wood that is exclusive to those who can afford it. While the price tag for teak wood furniture may be a little higher than other hardwood furniture, it is because it is almost indestructible and so durable that it will likely outlast its owner! Teak wood does not need to be stained or wax-coat finished and only requires a teak oil rub to regain its original beauty. Teak furniture can be placed anywhere, inside or out, and will weather well.
While there are many fine, durable, beautiful woods, none hold a candle to teak. Teak has a very high natural oil content which makes it almost decay-resistant, which is something that no other wood can boast. Because of the high oil content, teak is essentially waterproof and does not crack or warp due to damp climates. Teak is resistant to termites and other wood pests, which makes it ideal for projects that are usually vulnerable to termite infestation. Teak also gets to brag that it doesn’t crack or turn colors when exposed to metals, which makes it great for building long-lasting furniture. Teak wood has been used to build boat decks — rather, battleships — for centuries because of its water resistance and strength. Today, teak is used anywhere that any other wood is, and is popular for creating bath, spa, and pool furniture because it allows the natural look of wood without the weathered appearance or swelling that other woods take on when exposed to humid environments.
Absolutely, teak is generally graded A, B or C. The different grades refer to the overall quality (contents of oil, the density of grain, and appearance) of the timber. A-grade is the best quality and is usually found at the core of the log (the most established part). The B and C grades are created from the outer rings of the log.
The exact grading process and criteria can get quite technical, but as a rule of thumb, in its raw and unfinished state, the appearance and look of the timber can be used as a gauge. Higher grades are more consistent in grain and color. Lower grades have more timber knots and inconsistencies in grain and shade. However, it can be difficult to differentiate the grade on finished furniture, as some furniture companies treat their timbers with chemicals to achieve an even color and smooth surface.
Mostly A, AA & AAA grades. A Grade Teak is the premium center cut of the teak timber and makes up about 30-40% of the timber. It is cut from Teak trees 18 plus years old, and will not have discolorations, knots or variations common to lesser quality teak. The grain of this wood will be tight and even, the color will be consistent and warm with honey and golden wheat tones, and the compounds of the wood will be highly resistant to outdoor conditions, bugs and moisture retention.
Teak wood is a hardwood that offers incredible benefits over other natural materials for use in outdoor furniture, due to the natural compounds that exist in the wood. Natural rubbers and oils help to protect this hardwood from UV damage, moisture, and pest damage and help it to continue to look good many years after you put it into use.
In the A category there are A, AA, and AAA qualities. These are a premium natural material for outdoors because it offers the finest protection and incredible good looks. The natural tendency for A-Grade teak is to patina beautifully into a silvery-grey look, which develops over time in natural conditions including Sunlight and ambient moisture. The integrity of teak wood allows it to weather gracefully, but also maintain its integrity so as not to degrade like other, lesser grades of teak or other hardwoods and softwoods.
Kiln drying removes excess moisture to ensure that dimensions and weight, uniformity and consistency of the timber is all within a tight range of deviation. This means you get a product with accurate dimensions; a beautiful and consistent looking product, and one which showcases the best qualities that teak has to offer.
Our oven kiln drying occurs before the final dimension/shaping production on teak timbers to ensure that any shrinkage and moisture variance issues are controlled. Additionally, it helps the wood to avoid warping and cracking.
We kiln dry our wood in kiln ovens which are measured to result in approximately an 8% moisture content. The wood is then tested for moisture content again before construction to approximately a 10 to 12% moisture content, you won’t have moisture issues with the wood and you’ll be receiving the best quality teak available. The computer controlled tooling we use on our furniture will be able to achieve the most accurate dimensions and our master craftsmen will be able to produce the finest finish.
Our operation has the capability to adjust to different requirements. Anything above 16% moisture would be considered green wood. For indoor requirements it is generally 6% to 8%; for wood flooring, it’s 6% to 9%; and boards and decking for construction, it’s 9% to 14%.
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